What types of databases do businesses use?

Databases are a crucial part of everyday life. Without databases, most computer tasks would stop existing. As databases have enhanced over the years, so too have the various kinds of databases.

There are various types of databases, each with its weaknesses and strengths based on how they are created. It’s particularly crucial for companies to know the various types of databases to make sure that they have the most beneficial arrangement. Here are the types of business databases.

Relational databases

Relational databases are the main type of business database. With this business database, data is reserved in a structured way. A decent presentation of this business database would be an individual purchasing something online and their buying cart.

Organizations need relational databases when their main concern is their data quality or when they are not concentrated on scalability.

Columnar databases

Columnar databases reserves data in sections rather than rows. These kinds of business databases are often utilized in data storage because they’re incredible at dealing with analytical inquiries.

When a company is inquiring about a columnar database, it avoids all of the data that doesn’t pertain to the inquiry because the company can obtain the data from the columns they want.

Operational database

The objective of an operational database is to enable users to alter data in real-time. These databases are crucial in data warehousing and business analytics. They can be arranged either as NoSQL or relational databases, based on requirements.

Conventional databases depend on batch processing, where powers are conducted in groups. On the contrary, Operational databases enable businesses to remove, edit, and add data in real-time, at any moment.

Graph database

Graph databases concentrate fairly on the data and the associations between them. In the Graph database, information is not restricted to predefined norms. Most other business databases can discover connections between information when the company runs a search.

With this business database, these connections are reserved inside the database with the original information. It makes for a faster and more efficient database when the main goal of the company is to regulate the alliances between its data.

Cloud database

This database operates over the Internet. The data is reserved on a server or local hard drive, but the data is accessible online. This makes it manageable to avail the records from anywhere, as long as there is internet access.

To utilize a cloud database, companies can either create one themselves or hire a service to reserve their information for them. Encryption is a crucial aspect of any cloud database, as all data is required to be insured as it is delivered online.

NoSQL database

It is a wide category that comprises any database that doesn’t utilize SQL as its main data access wording. These kinds of business databases are also applied to non-relational business databases. Unlike in relational databases, NoSQL database data doesn’t need to fulfill a predefined schema.

NoSQL databases are excellent for companies striving to store semi-structured or unstructured data. One benefit of this business database is that creators can make modifications to the database on the fly without any impact on applications that are utilizing the database.

Object-oriented databases

This business database depends on object-oriented programming, so information and all of its traits are linked together as an item. Object-oriented databases are regulated by OODBMS or object-oriented database management systems.

These business databases work adequately with object-oriented programming wording, such as Java and C++. Like relational databases, these databases are similar to ACID standards.

Key-value databases

This is one of the easiest types of databases. Key-value databases conserve information as an organization of key-value sets consisting of two data elements each.

Key-value databases are greatly scalable and can deal with high volumes of commerce, making them perfect for methods such as online shopping carts, user sessions for bog multi-player digital games, and session managing for web applications.

Document databases

Document databases, also recognized as document stores, utilize JSON-like documents to represent data instead of columns and rows.

Sometimes implied as document-oriented databases, these business databases are built to manage and store document-oriented data, also implied as semi-structured data. These databases are scalable and simple, making them beneficial for mobile applications that require quick iterations.

Commercial database

These databases are generated by businesses and traded to other companies. Businesses commonly spend a licensing expense for these.

The dealer often gives technical assistance to the companies rather than community support or internal IT teams. These are high-performing business databases that are scalable and reliable for developing businesses.


Businesses need databases to update, maintain, and store a broad range of data, from worker data to client data.

Every database has different storage capacity and capabilities depending on how much information an organization has to store, how many customers they have and how complicated their data is.

Understanding the different types of databases can enable companies to decide which might be an efficient one for the industry.