Best Practices to Improve SharePoint Performance

SharePoint is a powerful tool used by organizations of all sizes to store and manage data, collaborate on projects, and streamline workflows. However, if not properly maintained, SharePoint’s performance can suffer, leading to slow load times, unresponsive pages, and frustrated users. To ensure optimal performance, it’s important to follow best practices such as regularly monitoring and optimizing databases, keeping site collections and document libraries at manageable sizes, and minimizing the use of custom code. In this blog, we will discuss best practices that will help in improving SharePoint performance and enhance the user experience.

Monitor and Manage Resources

SharePoint performance can be affected by resource availability, such as CPU, memory, disk space, and network bandwidth. It is important to monitor and manage these resources to ensure they are sufficient for SharePoint to function properly. Regularly check resource usage and allocate additional resources as needed. Consider implementing tools that can help you monitor and manage your resources such as System Center Operations Manager, Performance Monitor, and SQL Server Profiler.

Here are some tips for monitoring and tuning SharePoint performance:

  • Use performance counters to monitor server performance, including CPU usage, memory usage, and disk usage.
  • Monitor SharePoint logs to identify errors and performance issues.
  • Tune SharePoint settings, such as cache
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Optimize Content

Content optimization is a key factor in improving SharePoint performance. SharePoint databases can become bloated over time, which can cause slow performance. Regularly check for unused and outdated content and remove it from the system. Implement retention policies to automatically delete expired content. Consider archiving old content to improve performance and maintain compliance.

Minimize Customizations

Customizations can be useful for adding functionality and enhancing the user experience. However, too many customizations can slow down SharePoint performance. Limit customizations to what is necessary and test them thoroughly before implementation. Avoid using custom code and use out-of-the-box features whenever possible. Limit the use of third-party add-ons and only use those that are necessary.

Use Caching

Caching is a useful tool that can improve SharePoint performance by reducing page load times. Enable output caching and object caching to reduce the amount of data that needs to be retrieved from the database. Use the SharePoint Object Cache to store frequently accessed data such as site collections, web parts, and lists. Consider using Content Delivery Networks (CDNs) to cache images, scripts, and other static content.

Use SharePoint Lists and Libraries Efficiently

SharePoint lists and libraries are essential tools for managing and sharing content in your organization. However, if they are not used correctly, they can also negatively impact performance. Here are some tips to help you use SharePoint lists and libraries efficiently:

  • Use metadata to help users find the content they need quickly. Metadata allows you to categorize content and apply labels that make it easier to search and filter.
  • Use views to limit the amount of data that users need to load at one time. Views enable you to filter and sort content to show only what is relevant to the user.
  • Consider using folders to organize content within libraries. Folders can help keep content organized and make it easier to navigate, especially when dealing with large libraries.
  • Archive or delete old or unused content regularly to reduce the amount of data stored on your SharePoint site.

Optimize Search

SharePoint search is a powerful tool that can quickly locate content. However, search can be resource-intensive and affect SharePoint performance. Optimize search by creating search scopes, refining search queries, and using search analytics to track usage patterns. Limit the number of items returned in search results and use filters to narrow down the results. Consider implementing third-party search tools to enhance search functionality.

Here are some tips to help you optimize SharePoint search:

  • Use the search best practices recommended by Microsoft to improve search results.
  • Set up search scopes to limit the amount of content that needs to be searched at one time.
  • Consider using third-party search tools, such as Elasticsearch, to improve search performance and accuracy.
  • Use content indexing to improve search performance by enabling faster queries and better relevance ranking.

Regularly Update and Maintain SharePoint

Regularly updating and maintaining SharePoint is critical to improving performance. Install updates and patches as soon as they become available to ensure security and stability. Consider using SharePoint Health Analyzer to scan for issues and resolve them. Perform regular backups and test restore procedures to ensure business continuity in case of a disaster.

Use SharePoint Designer to Optimize Workflows

Workflows are a critical part of many SharePoint implementations, enabling you to automate business processes and increase efficiency. However, poorly designed workflows can negatively impact performance. SharePoint Designer is a powerful tool that enables you to design, build, and customize workflows. Here are some tips for using SharePoint Designer to optimize workflows:

  • Use the “Log to History” action to troubleshoot workflow issues and identify bottlenecks.
  • Use the “Wait for Field Change in Current Item” action to optimize workflow performance by reducing the number of workflow instances running simultaneously.
  • Use the “Parallel Block” action to optimize workflow performance by running multiple actions simultaneously.

Optimize SQL Server

SQL Server is a critical component of SharePoint and can greatly affect performance. Optimize SQL Server by regularly defragmenting indexes, monitoring performance, and allocating sufficient memory and disk space. Use SQL Server Profiler to track and optimize queries. Consider using a dedicated SQL Server for SharePoint and configure it for optimal performance.

How to Use SharePoint

To use SharePoint effectively, follow these steps:

  • Define your business requirements and goals for using SharePoint.
  • Plan your SharePoint deployment, including hardware and software requirements.
  • Configure SharePoint for optimal performance, including resource allocation, content optimization, and search optimization.
  • Train users on how to use SharePoint effectively and efficiently.
  • Regularly monitor and maintain SharePoint to ensure optimal performance and security.

In conclusion, improving SharePoint performance is critical to enhancing the user experience and increasing productivity. By following these best practices, you can optimize SharePoint for optimal performance and improve your organization’s efficiency.