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In this article you will learn about the causes, symptoms and other vital information about sepsis.
Sepsis is the body’s reaction to an infection. It is also claimed to be a life-threatening medical condition. Findings reveal that it develops when the chemicals the immune system releases into the bloodstream to fight an infection cause inflammation throughout the entire body instead.
In layman terms, sepsis is called blood poisoning because it involves the presence of a toxic element in the bloodstream. Many medical authors opined that sepsis is interchangeable with sepsis.
What causes sepsis?
While it is true that almost any type of infection can lead to sepsis, the most common causal organism of sepsis are bacterial infections but it can also be caused by infections like fungi and virus.
The common sites where these infections gain access into the body system are: abdomen, gallbladder or liver, the central nervous system, the lungs, the urinary tract or the skin.
The infections that can lead to sepsis are inclusive of the following:
- An abdominal infection such as: Appendicitis, bowel problems or liver problems.
- Through skin inflammation, or through tubes inserted into the body to give or drain fluids.
The symptoms of sepsis are…
Before you can say you have sepsis, you must have an infection first and then any of the following symptoms should be observable.
- Heart beating too fast.
- Fever or hypothermia (very low body temperature)
- Altered mental status
- Warm or sweaty skin
- Hyperventilation (if breathing rate is higher than or equal to 22 breaths a minute)
- Shortness of breath
- Severe drop in blood pressure.
What are the risk factors of sepsis?
The following classes of people have more exposure to the possibility of experiencing sepsis in case of an infection.
- young children and seniors
- people with weaker immune systems, such as those with HIV or those in chemotherapy treatment for cancer
- people being treated in an intensive care unit (ICU)
- people exposed to invasive devices, such as intravenous catheters or breathing tubes