Networking Technology: IPv4 vs IPv6

closeup of computer ports

The differences between IPv4 and IPv6 might seem insignificant but contribute majorly to their applications. It’s important to first understand what an IP is. What is IP? An IP address, also known as an Internet Protocol address, is how a computer identifies the devices it communicates with. Each device has a unique … Read more

Networking Technology: Hub, Switch and Router

ethernet cables

Theoretically, hubs, switches and routers all do the same thing: they are all devices which let you connect multiple computers together. They simply pass on data differently. All of these devices have two or more ports through which they connect computers or even networks. To understand the difference between these devices, it … Read more

Networking Technology: SMB

network server

You might not have heard of the SMB protocol but still use it daily. The Server Message Block (SMB) is a network protocol. Its function is to enable users to communicate with remote servers and computers. This communication can be in the form of sharing, opening, editing or using files. Some also … Read more

Networking Technology: LDAP

Networking Technology- LDAP

LDAP is an acronym for Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. It is accessible by everyone to locate data about persons, organizations or files over an Internet Protocol (IP) network. Through the LDAP, applications are able to communicate with other directory services servers. History LDAP was developed to be a lightweight alternative for users … Read more

Networking Technology: DNS

a connection plug of computer

DNS or Domain Name System makes up the very foundation of the internet, and something you use every day for basic internet functions. At the very basic level, think of DNS as the phonebook of the web. We find information online through domain names like or We put these domain … Read more

Networking Technology: LAN

Networking Technology- LAN

For someone who isn’t aware of the intricacies of networking technology, it might be difficult to differentiate between the different kinds. The main thing that sets all of them apart is the geographical area they cover. Additionally, the number of PCs, which are integral to their networks, need to be taken into … Read more

Networking Technology: CSMA/CD

Ethernet switch hub

On a local network, there are multiple users transmitting data back and forth. To ensure that the data is transmitted without any loss, CSMA/CD helps regulate the entire procedure. It is a protocol which ensures the organization of the data transmission process over a local Ethernet network and is not relevant for … Read more

Networking Technology: OSI Model

computer tower network server

OSI or Open Systems Interconnection is a model of how applications or devices communicate over a network. OSI Model is a conceptual model that provides an ideal framework for network communication. It serves as a helpful guide for users, developers, vendors and designers to create functional programs and devices. A clear framework … Read more

Networking Technology: DoS and DDoS Attacks

Networking Technology- DoS and DDoS Attacks

Ever wonder what they mean when it’s on the news that another website has undergone a DoS or DDoS attack? Or if you are trying to access a website but it’s either loading slowly or not at all? A DoS attack is a denial of service attack – what this entails is … Read more

Networking Technology: NTP

Network Servers

NTP stands for Network Time Protocol and it is a standard internet protocol. NTP was developed at the University of Delaware by Professor David L Mills. The first official specification of NTP as a member of the internet protocol family came out in 1985. In essence, NTP is a protocol which synchronizes … Read more